Montezuma: A Nahuatl (Aztec) given name, and the name of two Aztec emperors. Montezuma, Moctezuma, or Montecuzoma, was a Mexica (or Aztec) name. It's meaning is "His Angry Lord, Archer of the Sky". There were two Montezuma. At the time when the Spaniards arrived in the country, Montezuma II. was on the throne, one of the most extravagant of voluptuaries. Ballou, Maturin Murray.